Bios ....


BIOS
BIOS Basic Input/Output System software PC.
BIOS hardware software . PC, BIOS hardware RAM. , , cache interfaces IDE, serial parallel.

BIOS , . Plug-and-Play Windows 95, hardware BIOS. "advanced power management" BIOS.

: BIOS, . BIOS . , . , BIOS crashes . , , BIOS.

BIOS
BIOS PC . . BIOS POST (power-on self test). interface hardware interrupt handlers. Interrupt , , CPU '' . / (serial, parallel, video, , HD controllers ).

PC BIOS . BIOS .

CMOS
CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor, RAM, 64 bytes, BIOS PC. , CMOS. PC - PC. , PC Dallas Nov-Ram , CMOS, 10 .

BIOS setup
BIOS setup BIOS, , hardware . IBM PC hardware DIP switches. PC XT , ! ( jumpers) . chipsets BIOS . , chipset BIOS , standards, . manuals motherboards BIOS . board, ' BIOS chipset. , .


"" BIOS -
, . "press 'DEL' to enter Setup".
, F1, F2, F6, F10 "Alt"+"F1", "Ctrl"+"Alt"+"Esc".


BIOS. , , BIOS . , BIOS, .

! BIOS "" . , . , "Print Screen".

BIOS Plug'n'Play
Plug'n'Play Windows 95 . , BIOS . , BIOS Plug'n'Play, Windows 95. "" .

BIOS Plug'n'Play, . "Plug&Play BIOS Version..." "VBS 2.00". "Plug and Play Configuration" BIOS - Setup.

Plug and Play
Plug and Play BIOS menu "Advanced Plug ang Play Configuration" "Configuration Mode". "Use ICU". , "Boot with PnP BIOS" "Windows 95 " "Enabled".

Award BIOS PCI and PnP Setup, Phoenix BIOS menu Plug and Play O/S "Yes".

Block Transfer rate
Block mode . Block .

DMA
(DMA-Direct memory Access). , .

DOS
, Windows DOS, Shadow-Option. VGA-BIOS System-BIOS , . , . ISA PCI.

Cache
BIOS cache .

BIOS 16 , (Enabled) "Above 16MB Cacheable" Advanced Chipset Setup. cache.

cache, (wait state) . chips cache . chips cache 15 nanosecond, BIOS . chips cache , , , .

Burst-Mode
Burst-Mode . .

(Wait stages)
chips . 1 , 2 1/3 ..

PCI Burst

PCI Burst ( ). Phoenix BIOS .

BIOS . monitos .


BIOS . "Auto Configuration", BIOS , , . , .

CPU/PCI Post Memory Write
CPU/PCI Post Memory Write PCI . PCI controller . BIOS .

Fast Programmed I/O Modes
H Fast Programmed I/O Modes EIDE . PIO Mode interface . PIO Mode 3 ( 11,1 /s) PIO Mode 4 ( 16,6MB/s) . menu Hard-Disk AMI BS, "Auto" "Auto Configured" BIOS . Award BIOS "IDE 0/1 Master/slave Mode" menu "Chipset Features Setup".

Phoenix BIOS menu "Main Hard Disk X:". PIO Mode .

IDE 32-bit Transfer Mode
16-bit . AMI BIOS menu "Advanced Chipset Setup", Award BIOS menu "BIOS Features Setup", Phoenix BIOS menu "Main hard Disk X:" "32-bit I/O".

! . , .

Latency Time (PCI Clocks) Latency Time PCI , . ( ) . standard 66, 70 80 . , video , 50 40 .

AMI BIOS menu "Advanced Chipset Setup", Award BIOS menu "PCI and PNP Setup" "PCI Latency Timer" Phoenix BIOS menu "Advanced System Setup, PCI Devices" "Latency Timer Value".

Parallel Port Mode
. AMI BIOS menu "Advanced Peripheral Configuration". H standard "Compatible". , "Bidirectional" ECP (Enchaced Capabilities Port) EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port). Award BIOS, menu "Chipset Features Setup", "Parallel Port Mode", Phoenix BIOS menu "Advanced Peripheral Configuration" "Parallel Mode".

Hot Key
"Ctrl"+"Alt"+" Hot ey" . , . AMI BIOS menu Advanced Power Management Configuration.

Password Cheking Option
, . . AMI BIOS menu Advanced CMOS Setup. Award BIOS Security Option menu BIOS Features Setup, Phoenix BIOS : Supervisor () User ().

! (password) . , .

BIOS
BIOS Flash, , "" Internet. BIOS . .



*** Nukem